The Samuel Culbertson Mansion
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of an
to the
April 8th to April 17th 1899

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                                                   Manila, Philippine Islands,
                                                                                      August 1st 1899
To the
          Adjutant General,
                        Department of the Pacific.


I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of an expedition to Santa Cruz in the Province of La Laguna.

Santa Cruz, the richest and most important city of La Laguna Province, is situated on a neck of land on the southeastern shore of "Laguna de Bay", and is the outlet for the produce of the rich country to the south and southeast.

The insurgents were reported here in force and full of confidence, and, in compliance with the verbal instructions of the General, Commanding the Department, this expedition was organized. Its purposes were:

FIRST, The capture of Santa Cruz, and if possible to cut off the enemy's retreat.

2SECOND, Destruction of the telegraph lines.

THIRD, The distribution among the inhabitants of the country of copies of the United States Commissioners proclamation.

FOURTH, The location and capture of launches or gun-boats in the hands of the insurgents.

FIFTH, After the capture of Santa Cruz, the country and towns to the east end north along the coast of the lake, were to be reconnoitered.

SIXTH, All this having been accomplished, it was contemplated to re-embark and make a leading and advance upon Calamba.

The expedition was to be limited in strength to approximately 1,500 men. It was to be transported to its destination in cascos towed by steam launches up the Pasig river and on the lake. The hour of departure and destination were to be withheld, but the former was to be fixed so that the journey might be made during the night, arriving at the point of landing at or before daylight.

To carry out the verbal instructions from the Department Commander in detail, the following order was promulgated:

3Hdqrs. lst Division 8th Army Corps,

Manila, P.I., April 6th, 1899.

No. 19

The following named organizations will be immediately prepared to take the field on a special expedition. They will be equipped in light marching order and will be supplied with 200 rounds of ammunition per man and ten days' rations, two of which will be "travel rations", and will be carried in the haversack,

4th U.S. Cavalry, Gale's Troops C, G,& L, 219 men.

14th U.S. Infantry, Patton's Battalion, Co's C D E & I, 290 men.

4th U.S. Infantry, Hasbrouck's Battalion Co's. A,G,L,& K 311 men.

1st Idaho Volunteer Infantry, Linck's Battalion, Co's., A, C, D,& F, 225 men.

1st North Dakota Volunteer Infantry, Fraine's Battalion Co's., C, D, I,& K, 248 men.

2 mountain guns, (Hawthorne's Battery) Lt. Koehler,Commanding, with necessary equipment &c and sixty rounds of ammunition for each piece (shell and shrapnel) 16 men.
    For the purpose of this expedition the authorized Sharpshooters whose names have been reported to these headquarters, with the officers selected to command them, will be temporarily organized as follows:

First Company,14th US Infantry, nine squads, forty five enlisted men, and 4th Cavalry, three squads, fifteen enlisted men, commanded by 1st Lt. W. C. Geiger, 14th Infantry, sixty men

4Second Company, 1st North Dakota Volunteer Infantry, eight squads, forty enlisted :men, commanded by 1st Lt. W.J. Gruschus, 1st. North Dakota Vol. Infantry.

Third Company, 1st Idaho Volunteer infantry, eight squads, forty enlisted men, commanded by 1st Lt. R.H, Hartman, 1st Idaho Vol. infantry.

Fourth Company, 1st Washington Volunteer Infantry, twelve squads, sixty enlisted men, commended by 1s Lt. W.E. Weigle and 2nd Lt. R. T. Hazzard, 1st Washington Vol. Infantry.

Making a total of 1509 men.

With the exception of those belonging to the 1st Washington Volunteer Infantry, sharpshooters will remain for rations with their respective campanies, and those detached from the companies not taking pert in this expedition will be assigned for rations to companies of their regiments above designated, but will be held under charge of squad leaders and the officers assigned to command them, in readiness to respond promptly to cells for service in their special duties.

The Washington detachment will be equipped as a separate company.

Major Weisenburger, 1st Washington Volunteer infantry is assigned to command the battalion of sharpshooters.

Brigadier General Charles King, U.S.Volunteers, is assigned to command the forces as thus organized, and will report in person to the Major General Commanding the Division for detailed instructions.

The Quartermaster and Medical Departments, and Signal Corps, will furnish the necessary personnel and material.

5Brigade Commanders are charged with the concentration of the troops of their respective commands at a point and time to be designated by telegraph from these Headquarters.

No transportation, other then by boat, will be provided except from camp to place of embarkation. As the journey by boat will probably be made during the night, company commanders will arrange to have coffee made and served during the night or just before landing, which will doubt less occur about daylight or before.

It is the desire of the Major General Commanding the Division that this expedition have a thorough and complete organization, and, to that end, the companies will be divided into squads, and non-commissioned officer as chief will be assigned to the charge of each. This assignment to squads will be made permanent, and the men will remain attached to the squads to which they are assigned, except when changed by direction of the company commander, and the chief of squad will keep in his possession a list of names of the men of his squad, and he shall know at all times the whereabouts of each man and be able to account for them.

In battle, the men of each squad will constitute "comrades in battle" and will support and assist each other; in no case will a man be abandoned except when specially so directed by the company commander in each case. When a member of a squad is killed, wounded or otherwise disabled, the fact will be immediately reported by the chief of squad to his next superior. In case it becomes necessary to detach individual men from squads, they will be sent in pairs and the chief of squad will know that all of his men are accounted for. 

6One of the purposes of this expedition is the fulfillment of a desire and determination the United States Government to prove to, and reassure the Filipinos that a Campaign conducted by Americans, through a hostile country, can and will be prosecuted according to the most generous rules of civilized warfare. To this end, General Orders No. 7, series 1898, and No. 7, current series, these Headquarters, and paragraph 2, General Orders, No. 15, current series, Headquarters Department of the Pacific and Eighth Army Corps, will be rigorously enforced.

Captain F. Grant, Utah Volunteer Light Artillery, is assigned to command the gunboats forming a part of this expedition; he will also arrange, prescribe and superintend the formation of the flotilla and the order of sailing of the same, taking due and proper precautions against accident.

During the absence of the Major General Commanding the Division, on this expedition, the line of intrenchments from Pasig to Pasay, will be in charge of Brigadier General Samuel Ovenshine, U.S.Volunteers, commanding 2nd Brigade, Who will assume control of all the troops remaining of the First Division.

                        By command Major General Lawton,
                                     Clarence Edwards,
                                                         Assistant Adjutant General.


Subsequent to the issue of the above order, verbal instructions were given placing Major D. W. Figgins, 1st Idaho Volunteer Infantry, in command of the designated battalion of that regiment, and detailing 1st Lt. E. E. Southern, 1st 7Washington Volunteer Infantry, to command the :Fourth Company of sharpshooters, in place of 1st Lt. Weigle, of the same regiment.

Captain W. W. Mc.Cammon, 14th U.S. Infantry, commanding that regiment, by virtue of seniority, accompanied the 2nd Battalion of his regiment.

Major Herbert Cardwell, Division Surgeon, U.S .Volunteers, as Chief Surgeon of the Division, provided an efficient corps of medical officers and hospital men. (see appendix 1.-).  Chinese coolies were supplied for litter bearers, thus increasing the efficiency of the Hospital Corps

The United States Army gunboats "Laguna de Bay", "Napindan" and "Oeste" had been assigned to duty with the expedition.

On the evening of April 7th the following message was sent Brigade Commanders:


                                        Headquarters 1st Division 8th A. C.
                                               April 7th 1899
Brigade Commanders,
The Division Commander directs that troops selected for duty with the expeditionary brigade will be reported   to Brigadier General King at San Pedro Macati promptly a 4 o'clock P.M., to-morrow the 8th instant and will embark

                                                                   Adjutant General


About sunset all the troops were embarked on eight launches, seventeen cascos and two bancos and the journey up the river commenced. Owing to the winding, narrow channel, inexperienced pilots and frequent grounding of launches and cascos, the journey to the lake consumed the night; through the indefatigable efforts of Captain Grant, (see appendix 10 page 11) the entire flotilla was formed at 4 o'clock A. M., and the start up the lake was made. (See appendix 2 page 2.)

At 10/30 A.M., the flotilla assembled off Santa Cruz and the following plan of attack was communicated to the command,



                                                         On board U.S.Launch "Maria"
                                       Off Santa Cruz, P.I., 10/30 A.M., April 9th/1899

General Field Orders
               No. 1.
The gunboat "Laguna de Bay" will take position north and a little east of Santa Cruz, the "Napindan" south of west of the city, the "Oeste" directly in front and opposite wharf of city. The disposition and operations of these gunboats will be under charge of Capt. F. A. Grant, Utah Vol.
9Light Artillery.

The sharpshooters under command of Major Weisenburger 1st Washington Vol. Infantry, will land under the guns and opposite the position of the Napindan. These troops will
be first to debark. They will be supported and immediately followed by the two battalions of the 14th U.S. Infantry. The North Dakotas will land on the left and the Idahos on the right flank of the 14th Infantry, protecting its adjacent flank.

The above embarkation will be under the immediate charge of Brigadier General Charles King, U. S .Volunteers.

The 4th Cavalry squadron will be towed to a point near the position assigned the gunboat Laguna de Bay, to be debarked at such point, under the protection of that gunboat, as may be determined after the landing of the 14th Infantry Battalions has been accomplished.

                              By command :Major General Lawton.
                                                  CLARENCE EDWARDS
                                                              Ass't. Adjutant General.


The landing was accomplished with much difficulty owing to the stiff breeze blowing and consequent rough sea. many of the men were compelled to wade ashore, through water at first shoulder deep.

After landing, the command under Major Weisenburger, the senior officer, advanced a short distance, according to plan.  Almost immediately a sharp fire was developed on 10their right; the enemy was routed with loss, leaving ten dead; darkness coming on the troops bivouaced for the night on the lines. (See appendices 10 page 12; 14 p 19; 34 p 59; 34 p 72; 34 p 77).

Along the north of the city, the enemy was in force and well fortified. In view of the near approach of darkness, a landing was not attempted. However, verbal instructions were given, and dispositions made for the landing of Gale's squadron and the attack on the north side of the town. (See appendix 17 p 24.)

During a personal examination of the condition of the command, made after night-fall, it was ascertained that General King was so seriously ill that he had been unable to land with his command, and that he would probably not be able to participate in any part of the expeditions (See appen'dx 5)

The immediate command of the line was assumed by myself; General King was authorized to return to his Headquarters, (see appendix 6) and the next officer in rank, Major Weisenburger was verbally appointed to the command of the Provisional Brigade.

At day-break next morning, the 10th instant, the troops were at once put into position, three companies on 11the right of the road loading north toward the town, the remainder extending to the left until the flank rested on the beach.  The Artillery moved along the road supported
by Company "I" 1st Idaho Volunteer Infantry. The advance toward the city was immediately taken up.

The illness of General King caused much embarrassment, some confusion and delay, but thanks to the energy and efficiency of my staff officers, this was soon overcome. To Major Clarence R. Edwards, Assistant Adjutant General was intrusted the center of our advancing line, and Major Charles G. Starr, Inspector General, conducted the left flank. These gallant officers, fully alive to the responsibilities resting upon them, were equal to the occasion, and no line of battle could have been more courageously or intelligently led, as the results proved. I desire to commend these officers in the highest terms for the gallant work done by them on this occasion. It must be understood that no transportation accompanied the expedition, officers were all on foot and carried on their back all their supplies and equipments.  Still these officers moved from point to point, where their  presence was required, led in the charge and in the advance 12over difficult and dangerous places, keeping the line continuous, unbroken, moving continually, driving and destroying the enemy at every point. I especially commend these officers for conspicuous gallantry on this occasion.

To Major Weisenburger I wish to express my appreciation of his valuable services.

More or less opposition was encountered, but when the large bridge crossing the river in the edge of the city was approached, the enemy was developed in strong force, entrenched end occupying well fortified positions. Without hesitation Captain Hasbrouck and his battalion of the 14th Infty., the Washington Sharpshooters and some of the Idaho Battalion charged across the bridge and completely routed the insurgents. At the same time, the troops on both sides of the bridge waded rapidly across the river and engaged the enemy at close range, inflicting severe lose. (See appendices 10 p 13; 15 p 20; 34 p 60; 34 p 73; 34 p 79; 34 p 88.)

Under cover of the fire of the gunboat "Napindan" the cavalry had landed and charged the trenches on the water front as planned. (See appendices 10 p 13; 17 p 24.) The  enemy was driven back out of these trenches into the city against out main line, which advancing from the south had just 13crossed the river and entered the city as above described. The only means of escape was toward the northeast in which direction the insurgents fled in great disorder. In doing so they were exposed not only to the fire of our land forces but also to a very effective fire from the machine guns on the boats. (See appendices 11 p 15; 12 p 17.)  Ninety-three insurgent dead were picked up on the streets and on the open ground northeast of the city and buried. Thirty of their wounded were captured and taken in hospital, where three shortly afterward died. Forty-one other prisoners were captured and, with the exception of a few, were afterwards given their freedom. (See appendix 10 p 14.) Many of the dead and wounded of the enemy were undoubtedly carried away by their comrades or escaped discovery in the thickets where much of the fighting was done and which also flanked their avenue of escape from the city. Forty -two dead insurgents were subsequently found in these thickets and buried by our troops. (See Appendix 30 page 50.)

Our casualties were three enlisted men, 14th Infantry, two enlisted men 1st Idahos and one officer and one enlisted man, 4th Cavalry, wounded. None killed, none missing. See appendices 15 p 21; 16 p23;  17 p 25; 34 p 64.)

14The prisoners and wounded of both, armies were sent to Manila the night after the battle.

The Honorable H. A. Ramsden, H.B.M Vice Consul at Manila, had presented credentials from the Military Governor and accompanied the Division Headquarters from that city. (See appendix 21. He participated in the engagement resulting in the occupation of Santa Cruz, and was
of great assistance during the entire expedition. His thorough knowledge of the Spanish language and of the characteristics of the natives, was of much aid in securing information from captives and friendly Filipinos.

It was learned that with the exception of the few Chinese shopkeepers whom we found in the city, all the inhabitants had fled to the mountains on the day previous. The Provincial Governor and Commandant of the insurgent forces had also made his escape before we landed. His immediate subordinate in military command, a colonel whose name was not learned, is reported to have died fighting in the trenches south of the city.

Headquarters were established in the Governor's palace, and proper disposition was made of the troops for 15the night.

The following order was issued.

Headquarters 1st Division 8th A. C.
Santa Cruz, April l0th 1899. 2, PM

General Field Order
No. 2.-
(1) This command with the exception of the 4th U.S. Cavalry will be prepared for marching orders early to-morrow morning. Two days' cooked rations will be taken in haversacks. It is probable that no access to the cascos can be hed until the night of the 12th.

(2) Major Weisenburger, 1st Washington Volunteer Infantry is assigned to the command of the expeditionary brigade.

By command Major General Lawton;
                   Assistant Adjutant General.

Captain Gale as Provost Marshal, with his dismounted squadron as Provost Guard, protected the houses and such property as were left in the city from injury and removal. (see appendix 8, page 9)  No burning of houses or looting of property occurred.

The proclamation of the United States Commission, (see appendix 36) was freely distributed in the houses of the city, to be found by the inhabitants on their return, and, as opportunity offered, distribution outside our lines was 16made.

The telegraph line running south from Santa Cruz was destroyed for more than a mile and so much of it as followed the main road northward was left to be utilized by us on our advance. (See appendix 10 p. 14.)

From a prisoner it was learned that the steam launches and other water craft in the posession of the insurgents had been concealed in a navigable river near Pagsanjan, an important town about five miles northeast of Santa Cruz. It was believed that the remnant of the enemy which escaped from Santa Cruz had fallen back to Pagsanjan. The latter point thus became the next objective, and the following orders were issued:

Headquarters U. S. Forces ,
           Santa Cruz, P.I., April 10th 1800.

General Field Orders
No. 3.-

The command will march at 6 A.M., to-morrow the 11th instant, with two days' cooked rations in haversack. The direction will be toward Pagsanjan. The order of march rill be as follows:

Sharpshooters in advance, 14th infantry, Idaho Volunteer Infantry battalion and North Dakota Volunteer infantry battalion. The Artillery will march in rear of the 14th Infantry. The greatest, precaution will be observed
17in the advance. In case the enemy is met and if it is necessary to deploy the column, the 14th Infantry will deploy to the right and left of the road, center resting on the road. The artillery will form in the center of the 14th Infantry and will be supported by the left company of the right battalion of that regiment. The Idaho battalion will deploy to the right of the 14th infantry and push well to the front: The North Dakota Volunteer Infantry battalion will deploy to the left of the 14th Infantry, also pushing well to the front.

The effort will be to make a wheel to the right and left. The right wing making a left wheel and the left wing making a right wheel. The idea being to encompass or surround the town.

              By command Major General Lawton.
                         CLARENCE R. EDWARDS
                                         Assistant Adjutant General.

Verbal instructions were given for the gunboats to proceed before daybreak to the mouth of the Pagsanjan river and remove the obstructions placed near there by the insurgents. (See appendix 10 p 14.) After this was accomplished, the gunboats were to come up the river and co-operate with the land forces, which would leave Santa Crux shortly after day-break, and move by the main road northeastward toward Pagsanjan. The advance of the gunboats up the river was prevented by the bar which the obstructions had caused across 18the channel at the mouth of the river. (See appen'dx.22 p.31.)

The movement of the land forces was made as planned, leaving Santa Cruz shortly after day-break; Captain Gale and his squadron remaining in the city as a garrison.

After advancing along the main road about two miles our scouts developed the enemy strongly entrenched across the road and along an adjacent open field. The column promptly deployed, the artillery brought into action, as had been contemplated and directed in General Field Orders No. 3,  given above. The enemy fled precipitately as soon as the artillery opened on them. The insurgent loss was reported as eight dead, left on the field. Our casualty was let Lieut. E. E. Southern, 1st Washingtons, severe wound, right arm. (See Appen'd's. 23 p 32; 25 p 36; 34 p 60, 61, 69, 89)

The advance was resumed toward Pagsanjan and the town occupied without further resistance. (See Appen'd'cs. 23 p 32, 34 p 61.)

With the exception of two Spaniards who claimed to have escaped from the insurgents, and a few chinese, the town was entirely deserted.

The steam launches "Orani" and "El Capitan" and casco No 689, were found in the river, at the town.  The 19other launches were reported by a prisoner to have been moved farther up the river, and to have on them two machine guns. Major Clarence R. Edwards, Ass't. Adj't. Gen'l., was sent up the river with the North Dakota Battalion to secure these Launches and bring them down to the town. This was done without casualty, and to the two launches round at the town, were added four more, viz.,  "Covadonga" "Nueva Ecija" "Suerte" and "Oceania", also casco No 1888. (See Appendices 34 p 61; 34 p 84.)

Companies C. & E. 14th Infantry, and the Washington Sharpshooters , were sent down the south bank of the river to meet the gunboats and assist in removing the obstructions near the mouth of the river. After proceeding about 2 miles they were fired on by insurgents concealed in a church on the north side of the river in the small town, Lumban. The river at that point is not fordable and the ferry had been destroyed before the arrival of our troops, who, being: unable to cross the river, engaged the enemy from the south bank. By a well directed fire, the insurgents were dispersed. (See Appendices 25 p 36; 34 p 61, 62.)  Shortly afterwards, the Idahos who crossed on cascos farther up, arrived and occupied the town.  (See Appen'd'cs 25 p 32; 34 p62; 34 p 84.)

20The command on the south bank then continued down the river to the obstructions. (see Appen'd'x. 25 p 36.) Captain Hasbroucks battalion of the 14th Infantry, was sent down to, and occupied a position across  from Lumban where the main road crossed the river. (See appen'd'cs. 34 p 62; 34 p 79.) Company "I" 14th Infty., Lt. Field Commanding, remained at Pagsanjan as Provost Guard. (See Appendx. 34 p 73.)

Meanwhile the gunboats had engaged a force of the enemy at the mouth of the river and routed them, (See appendx.22.)

The captured launch "Orani" was manned by a soldier crew and ran down the river to a point near the obstructions, the night of April 11th. On the day following, the remainder of the launches and the cascos were brought down under the supervision of Captain Grant. (See appendx.23 p 32.) In this work the gunboat "Napindan" 2nd Lt. Thomas Franklin, 23rd U.S. Infantry, Commanding, rendered great assistance, that gunboat having been able to pass over the bar and come up the river after the obstructions had been removed the morning of the 12th instant.

21It was found that there was not sufficient water on the bar to permit the passage of the captured launches into the lake.  A dredge was accordingly sent out by order of the Department Commander. Arriving the 12th instant, it was set to work cutting a channel through the bar. ( See Appendices 23 p 33; 24 p 34.)

A ferry having been improvised at Lumban, the Artillery, Sharpshooters, Hasbrouck's Battalion of the 14th Infantry and 1st North Dakotas were crossed to the north side of the river April 12th and with the 1st Idahos proceeded to Longos, a lake side village of some size, without meeting any opposition. (See appendices 30 p 49; 34 p 62; 34 p 74, 34 p 82, 89.)

Capt. Pattons battalion, with the exception of Co. "D" which acted as support for the Artillery, was concentrated at the mouth of the river where it remained guarding the
dredges until the close of the expedition. (Appen' dcs .34 p 62; 34 p 78.)

With a view to securing a good place to re-embark the troops for the movement on Calamba, the North Dakota Battalion was sent from Longos shortly after noon the 12th instant to reconnoiter the town of Paete, located about four miles further north on the lake shore, where it could be reported a good landing place could be 22found. After advancing about one mile the enemy was discovered entrenched across the road, and immediately opened fire from behind almost impenetrable undergrowth, on the mountain side. (See append'cs. 34 p 6334 p 85.) Major Fraine, promptly disposed his command to execute a flank movement on the enemy, who were pouring heavy fire into the advance guard, four of them were killed and three wounded, one mortally, of these, the latter and three killed belonged to a party of five flankers who had been sent up the hillside. Their surviving comrade, Private Thomas Sletteland, Co. "C" 1st North Dakotas, remained with them and by his cool and unerring aim successfully held the enemy back until reinforcements came. Then after carrying his wounded comrade to the rear, he assisted in recovering the bodies of the killed, (See Appendices 27 p 41; 34 p 85, 86.) He has been recommended for a medal of honor.

At the first sound of firing, Lieut. William Brooke, 4th U. S. Inftys: (Now Captain 35th U.S. Vol. Infantry,) Aid-de-camp, was sent to ascertain in the cause. He reported the engagement of the North Dakotas and asked for reinforcements. (See appendices 26 p 38, 30 p 51.)

23The Artillery with its support,  Co. "D" 14th infantry and the Sharpshooters were hastened forward under command of Major Weisenburger. (Append'cs. 30 p 49; 34 p 70; 34 p 86, 89.)

Boarding the gunboat "Laguna de Bay" a position was secured near the beach from which it was possible to aid the Artillery in shelling the enemy. (Appendix. 30 p 49.)

As our lineadvanced its flanks were maked by signal flags, carried by Captain E. A. McKenna and a private U.S. Vol. Signal Corps. (See appendix 28. and 30 p 51.)

After an engagement lasting about one hour the enemy was driven up the mountain side and dispersed.

The command then continued to and occupied Paete without further resistance (Appendix 34 p 86)  Here was found a good place for the re-embarkation of the troops.

On the 13th instant, Captain Hasbroucks battalion of the 14th Infantry and the 1st Idahos were brought forward from Longos. (Appendices 34 p 64; 34 p 79.) Two tugs were asked for to tow back the dredge and such of the captured launches as were unable to go in with their own steam. (See Appendix 30 p 50) They were supplied. (See appendix 32 p 53.)

It had been a part of the original plan to move by 24water to a point near Calamba, and there debarking the troops to continue our land operations along the south and west shores of the lake, where many important towns are located. This plan was changed by the Department Commander, April 15th and the expedition ordered to return to Manila. (Appendx 32.)

On the 16th instant the last of the launches having been brought into the lake, the troops at Paete, at the mouth of the river, and the garrison at Santa Cruz were re–embarked on cascos and returned to San Pedro Macati and Manila, (See appendices 34 p 64, 70, 74, 78, 79, 82, 87, 90.) arriving he 17th Instant.

Appended hereto are copies of brief reports rendered the Department Commander as opportunity offered for transmission; of reports of subordinate commanders; of correspondence, orders, in fact every available record pertaining to the expedition.

Attention is invited to final reports of subordinate commanders, which are as a rule so complete and lucid as to merit especial commendation.

Lists of the names of officers considered 25entitled to Brevet Commissions "for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy" and of enlisted men, who are entitled to special consideration, who have been mentioned in this and accompanying reports, are submitted as follows:-

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Primary Report: | main summary | recommendations for officers | for enlisted men, signature page

List of Appendices
Appendix: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

This text is taken from General Lawton's personal copy of the 'Laguna Report.'
The original document is a part of the Samuel Culbertson Mansion collection.

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